domingo, 4 de junio de 2017

Tour by neighbourhoods “La Trinidad” and “El Perchel”, Málaga

“La Trinidad” and “El Perchel” are two historic neighbourhoods in the Central District, City of Málaga. They are located on the right bank of the River Guadalmedina. The historical life has been determined by the proximity to the River Guadalmedina and the Mediterranean Sea. These territories have been populated by different groups from indigenous population: Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Christians, etc. 

The Phoenicians founded the colony of Malaka about 770 BC. The first contacts of the indigenous population with other civilizations began, possibly, attracted by the development of a commercial activity. The Phoenicians, from the city of Tyre (southern Lebanon), introduced olive oil, metal smelting, coin minting, ceramic industry, woollen fabrics and  salted fish.

The name "El Perchel" comes from this ancient fish industry. The fish was hung with a “percha” or “perchel” (hanger), in a secluded area of the old city to avoid the bad smells to the residents

From 218 BC the city was ruled by the Roman Republic and at the end of the 1st century it was federated with the Roman Empire as Malaca (Latin). Thereafter it was governed under its own municipal code of law, Lex Flavia Malacitana, which granted free-born person the privileges of Roman citizenship.

The decline of the Roman imperial power in the 5th century led to invasions by the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines were defeated by the Visigoths. Later, the Muslims conquered Hispania (711–718). The city of Málaga was encircled by walls, merchants settled in their own quarters next to wallsIt became the first industrial district located outside the city during the period of the Muslims.

The siege of Málaqa by the Catholic Monarchs in 1487 was one of the longest of the the reconquest of Spain. Under Castilian domination, churches and convents were built outside the walls to unite the Christians and encourage the formation of new neighbourhoods.

La Trinidad, as a neighbourhood, has its origin in the same place where Queen Elizabeth “The Catholic” settled her camp during the period of the reconquest of Málaga (the second most important city of the Nazarí kingdom), between May and August of 1487. After winning the fight a hermitage was erected, but it was destroyed by an earthquake. So, it was erected the convent of the Trinitarians (Order of the Holy Trinity and Captives), whose main charisma was centred on the care of the captives.

Liberation of the captives of Málaga by the Catholic Monarchs
José Moreno Carbonero, 1930. (Museum of Málaga).


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